We Can See Two Persons (or Three) in All of the Listings and Passages that Follow (We can also see the preeminent role of God the Father in all of these listings and passages. In fact the deity of this other Person (the Son of God) isn't mentioned in most of these listings and passages. We learn of His full deity from other passages, some of which are listed above in this article, but most such passages are found in the New Testament.):
He is the Servant of Yahweh. See, for example, Isa. 42:1-7; 49:1-9. We will discuss these two passages from Isaiah below. Yahweh calls Him "My Servant" in Isa. 42:1 and in Isa. 49:3, 6 and "His Servant" in 49:5.
He is the Son of Yahweh. See, for example, Psalm 2:7 with Acts 13:33; Heb. 1:5; 5:5. (Psalm 2 is discussed in a verse-by-verse manner in chapter 18 of my book, "The Mid-Week Rapture.")
Yahweh sends Him. See Zech. 2:9, 11, for example. (These verses were discussed above.)
Yahweh gives directions to Him in Old Testament days. See Ezek. 9:3, 4, 10:1, 2, for example. (These verses were discussed above.)
Yahweh anoints Him to save and to judge. See Isa. 61:1 with Luke 4:16-21; and He is called the Messiah (the Anointed One) in Dan. 9:25, 26.
Yahweh says that He [Christ Jesus] will build the temple and rule and be a priest on His throne (see Zech. 6:12-15). (Zechariah chapter 6 is discussed in my paper titled, "Verse-by-Verse Studies of Zechariah Chapters 1-8 and Malachi 2:17-4:6.")
Psalm 22:1. Christ Jesus cries out, "My God, My God, why have you forsaken me [Me]." (See Matt. 27:46; Mark 15:34). God the Father is not called Yahweh in verse 1, but He is called Yahweh in verse 19 (and other verses of this psalm). This psalm prophesies of Christ's crucifixion (see verses 14-18). Verse 16 includes the words, "They pierced my hands and my feet." In verse 22 Christ Jesus says, "I will tell of Your name [He is speaking to Yahweh, God the Father] to my brethren." Hebrews 2:12, which quotes Psalm 22:22, confirms that God the Son is speaking to God the Father here. (Psalm 22 is discussed in my paper titled, "Verse-by-verse Studies of Selected Eschatological Psalms"; the paper is located on my internet site.)
Psalm 110:1. "The LORD [Yahweh] says to my Lord [to Christ Jesus]; 'Sit at My right hand Until I make Your enemies a footstool for Your feet.' " The glorified Son of God has been at the Father's right hand since His ascension. At the right time, the Father's time, He will come back to save and to judge and make His enemies a footstool for His feet. The verses that follow in Psalm 110 speak of His being made a priest forever and of His going forth conquering all enemies. Psalm 110:1 teaches the deity of the Lord Jesus (but there are quite a few verses that teach it in a stronger way), including the fact that David (inspired by the Spirit) called his offspring "Lord" in this verse. See Matt. 22:41-45, and this verse is quoted other places in the New Testament. (Psalm 110 is discussed in a verse-by-verse manner in chapter 19 of my book, The Mid-Week Rapture.)
Isaiah 11:2. "the Spirit of the LORD [Yahweh; God the Father] will rest on Him [Christ Jesus]," and verse 3 says, "He will delight in the fear of the Lord [Yahweh]." Verse 4 speaks of this anointed One judging the world. (Isaiah chapter 11 is discussed in a verse-by-verse manner in my paper titled, "Verse-by-Verse Studies of Selected Eschatological Prophecies from the Book of Isaiah.") Based on the New Testament, we know that "the Spirit of the LORD [Yahweh]" is the Person of the Holy Spirit.
Isaiah 42:1-7. (Isaiah 42:1-4 are quoted with respect to the Lord Jesus in Matt. 12:15-21.) In these verses Yahweh is speaking to His Son, the Messiah. The name Yahweh is used in verses 5, 6 of God the Father. I'll quote verses 6, 7, "I am the LORD [Yahweh], I have called you [You] in righteousness, I will also hold you [You] by the hand and watch over you [You], And I will appoint you [You] as a covenant to the people, As a light to the nations, to open blind eyes, To bring out prisoners from the dungeon and those who dwell in darkness from the prison." (Isaiah chapter 42 is discussed in my paper on the Prophecies of Isaiah mentioned above.)
Isaiah 49:1-9. I'll read verses 1, 5, 6, 7. "Listen to Me [God the Son is speaking], O islands, And pay attention, you peoples from afar. The LORD [Yahweh; God the Father] called Me from the womb; From the body of My mother He named Me. ... (5) And now says the LORD [Yahweh], who formed Me from the womb to be His Servant, to bring Jacob back to Him, so that Israel might be gathered to Him (For I [the Son of God] am honored in the sight of the LORD [Yahweh], And My God is My strength), (6) He [Yahweh] says, 'It is too small a thing that You should be My Servant [a different Person than God the Father] To raise up the tribes of Jacob and to restore the preserved ones of Israel, I [Yahweh] will also make You a light of the nations So that My salvation may reach to the end of the earth.' (7) Thus says the LORD [Yahweh], the Redeemer of Israel and its Holy One, To the despised One [Christ Jesus], To the One abhorred by the nation [Israel], To the Servant of rulers, 'Kings will see and arise, Princes will also bow down, Because of the LORD [Yahweh] who is faithful, the Holy One of Israel who has chosen You [Christ Jesus].' " (Isaiah chapter 49 is discussed in my paper on the Prophecies of Isaiah mentioned above.)
Isaiah chapter 53. He is the Lamb of Yahweh [a different Person than God the Father] who saves and conquers, centering in His all-important atoning death, when He bore our sins with the guilt and the penalties, including the major penalties of spiritual death and bondage to sin. See Yahweh crushing Him for our sake in verse 10, for example. (Many key verses of Isaiah chapter 53 are discussed in the first three chapters of my book, "Holiness and Victory Over Sin." See the listing of passages of scripture near the front of the book.)
Jeremiah 33:14, 15. Yahweh causes a Righteous Branch of David [Christ Jesus] to spring forth who will establish righteousness on the earth.
Daniel 7:13, 14. "I kept looking in the night visions, And behold, with the clouds of heaven One like a Son of Man was coming, And He came up to the Ancient of Days [God the Father] And was presented before Him. (14) And to Him was given dominion, Glory and a kingdom, that all the peoples, nations and men of every language Might serve Him. His dominion is an everlasting dominion Which will not pass away; And His kingdom is one Which will not be destroyed." (These verses are discussed in some detail in my book, The Mid-Week Rapture, starting on page 75.) It's easy to see two Persons here. Many passages show that the Son of Man here is the Lord Jesus Christ when He comes again at the end of this age to save and the judge (Matt. 24:30; 26:64; Mark 13:26; 14:62; Luke 21:27; Rev. 1:7, 13; 14:14). Daniel 7:18, 22, and 27 indicate that the saints will reign along with the Lord Jesus Christ. The saints probably are even included in what the words "Son of Man" mean in Dan. 7:13; so too in Rev. 14:14.
Micah 5:2-4. God the Father is speaking in these verses. The name Yahweh is mentioned in verse 4, referring to God the Father. I'll read verse 2, "But as for you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, Too little to among the clans of Judah, From you One [God the Son] will go forth for Me [Yahweh, God the Father] to be ruler in Israel. His [God the Son's] goings forth are from long ago, From the days of eternity." These last words confirm His deity (though this point wasn't fully clear in the Old Testament). See Matt. 2:1-6. (Micah 4:9-5:6 are discussed in chapter 17 of my book, "The Mid-Week Rapture.")
The deity of this other Person, the Son of God, is affirmed in many of the verses I listed above, where He is called Yahweh, for example. For another example, there is widespread agreement that the Person called Yahweh throughout Genesis chapter 18 is the same Person as the Angel (Messenger) of Yahweh. Also, the deity of this Person (the child/son who is given to us by Yahweh, God the Father) is strongly confirmed in Isaiah 9:6. (Isaiah 9:1-7 are discussed in my paper titled, "Verse-by-Verse Studies of Selected Eschatological Prophecies from the Book of Isaiah.")
Zechariah 3:8. (Verses 7, 10 show that Yahweh, God the Father, is the One speaking here), "for behold I am going to bring in My Servant the Branch [Christ Jesus]," and He goes on to speak of solving the sin problem through Him. (This verse is discussed with all of chapter 3 in my paper dealing with Zechariah chapters 1-8 mentioned above.)
As I mentioned, many more passages could be included, but I believe the verses I have included suffice to demonstrate that the Old Testament strongly affirms the Persons of Yahweh and His Son. The preeminent role of God the Father is evident in most of the passages cited in this article. Many of these passages confirm that the Son of God was very active in the days before His incarnation. (He did not merely exist in the mind of God the Father before the time of His incarnation, as you sometimes here it said.) Some of these verses demonstrate the full deity of the Son of God, even though the Trinity and the deity of the Son of God weren't fully revealed in the Old Testament.
I publish this article with the strong desire that it will please God and accomplish His purposes, and that it will prove to be a great blessing to a very large number of Christians.
Copyright by Karl Kemp
http://www.karlkempteachingministries.com Karl Kemp worked as an engineer in the space field throughout the 60s. He became a born-again Christian in 1964. He received an MA in Biblical Studies in 1972. He has been a Bible teacher for 45 years. See the website for more info on his books, papers, etc.
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