The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool.
1. "The LORD said unto my Lord"
a. LORD [3068 * Yehovah] [Strongs: The Jewish national name of God.]
b. Lord [113 * adon] [Strongs: From an unused root meaning to rule; soverign, i.e. controller, human or divine: lord, master, owner. Compare also names beginning with Adoni.] [Unger's Bible Dictionary: "Adonai, the plural of Adon,the Jews, out of a superstitious reverence for the name Jehovah, always, in reading, pronounce Adonai where Jehovah is written.]
1). It is clear from Matthew 22:41-45 that the Jewish understanding of this verse was that it was referring to the Messiah.
c. This scripture is quoted or alluded to 16 times in the New Testament, which makes Psalm 110:1 the most quoted Old Testament verse in the New Testament. The reason for that is because the sitting down of Christ at the right hand of God after the resurrection is the most pivotal moment in the establishment of the New Covenant.
1). Jesus said in John 16:7 "Nevertheless I tell you the truth; It is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I depart, I will send him unto you."
d. When Jesus sat down at the right hand of God, the Spirit of God was given.
1). Acts 2:33 "Therefore being by the right hand of God exalted, and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost, he hath shed forth this, which ye now see and hear."
d. Without the giving of the Holy Ghost, the enforcement of the New Covenant, beginning with the new birth would have been impossible. First of all, it is the Holy Ghost that recreates the human spirit when a person becomes born again.
1). Titus 3:5 "Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost;"
e. Secondly, it is the Holy Ghost that does the miracles and signs and wonders.
1). Hebrews 2:4 "God also bearing them witness, both with signs and wonders, and with divers miracles, and gifts of the Holy Ghost, according to his own will?"
2). Mark 16:19, 20 "So then after the Lord had spoken unto them, he was received up into heaven, and sat on the right hand of God.
And they went forth, and preached every where, the Lord working with them, and confirming the word with signs following. Amen."
2. "Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool."
a. Hebrews 10:12, 13 "But this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever, sat down on the right hand of God;
From henceforth expecting till his enemies be made his footstool."
1). Hebrews 10:13 (NRSV) "And since then has been waiting until his enemies would be made a footstool for his feet."
2). Jesus is sitting next to the Father waiting and expecting his enemies to be made his footstool.
b. We are positionally seated next to Christ.
1). Ephesians 2:4-6 But God, who is rich in mercy, for his great love wherewith he loved us, Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together, and made us sit together with Christ, (by grace ye are saved;) And hath raised us up together, and made us sit together, in heavenly places in Christ Jesus:"
a). Here we see that we have been quickened, i.e. made alive with Christ and raised up with Christ.
c. Ephesians 1:15-23 "Wherefore I also, after I heard of your faith in the Lord Jesus, and your love unto all the saints,
Cease not to give thanks for you, making mention of you in my prayers;
That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give unto you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of him:
The eyes of your understanding being enlightened; that ye may know what is the hope of his calling, and what the riches of the glory of his inheritance in the saints,
And what is the exceeding greatness of his power to usward who believe, according to the working of his mighty power,
Which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and set him at his own right hand in the heavenly places,
Far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come:
And hath put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the church,
Which is his body, the fullness of him that filleth all in all.
1). The prayer of the Apostle Paul was for us to get a revelation of the power given to us when Christ was raised from the dead and seated at the right hand of God. It is exceedingly great! It is far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named! All things are put under his feet.
d. We being raised with him to sit together with him does not mean we are seated next to Christ. No, we are IN Christ.
1). 2 Corinthians 5:17 "Therefore if any man be in Christ, he is a new creature: old things are passed away; behold all things are become new."
e. We are his body, to the extent we are his flesh and bones.
1). 1 Corinthians 12:27 "Now ye are the body of Christ, and members in particular."
2). Ephesians 5:30 "For we are members of his body, of his flesh, and of his bones."
The LORD shall send the rod of thy strength out of Zion: rule thou in the midst of thine enemies.
1. "The LORD shall send the rod of thy strength out of Zion"
a. The "rod of thy strength" is referring to his authority sent out of Zion. This is not to be confused with the "power over the nations" that will be given to those in Revelation 2:26, which is referred to as "a rod of iron". The rod of thy [Jesus'] strength is the authority Jesus spoke of in Matthew 28:18-20 and Mark 16:15-18 and the Apostle Paul wrote of through out the New Testament.
1). Matthew 28:18-20 "And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth.
Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost:
Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you always, even unto the end of the world."
b. Now in this time we do not rule over nations, we are to be in subjection to the governments of the world unless they tell us to sin.
1). Romans 13:1-5
2. "rule thou in the midst of thine enemies."
a. There are no enemies in heaven. The LORD was speaking to His Son and the flesh and bone body of his son [the Church] positionally seated in Christ next to the Father, but physically is on the earth, and telling them to rule with the authority given to them over their enemies.
b. Our enemies are wicked spirits, Ephesians 6:12.
My name is Don Costello. Ever since I received Christ in November of 1976 I have had a passion to study and know God's word.My wife Melissa and I have 5 children.
My e-mail address is firstname.lastname@example.org
I have a blog located at:
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