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by Don Costello
6/09/2008 / Bible Studies
Beloved, when I gave all diligence to write unto you of the common salvation, it was needful for me to write unto you, and exhort you that you should earnestly contend for the faith which was once delivered unto the saints.
1. "Beloved, when I gave all diligence to write unto you of the common salvation,"
a. diligence (Zodhiates) (4710 * spoude) Speed, haste, earnestness, diligence, zeal.
b. salvation (Zodhiates) (4991 * soteria) Safety, deliverance, preservation from danger or destruction.
Scofield Reference Bible: "The Greek and Hebrew words for salvation imply the ideas of deliverance, safety, preservation, healing, and soundness.
c. The salvation we have in Christ Jesus is "common" only in the sense it is available to all. The definition of salvation clearly shows that it is a great salvation. So says the writer of Hebrews.
d. Hebrews 2:1-3 "Therefore we ought to give the more earnest heed to the things which we have heard, lest at any time we should let them slip. For if the word spoken by angels was steadfast, and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompence of reward; How shall we escape if we neglect so great salvation;"
1). neglect (Zodhiates) (272 * ameleo; a-without; melei-to show concern, to care.) Not to care for, to neglect. [Be heedless].
2). Not giving "the more earnest heed" is to neglect our salvation.
e. The salvation we have in Christ Jesus is so great that it provides an escape for every temptation.
1). 1 Corinthians 10:13 There hath no temptation taken you but such as is common to man: but God is faithful, who will not suffer you to be tempted above what you are able; but will with the temptation also make a way to escape, that ye may be able to bear it."
2. "it was needful for me to write unto you,"
a. needful (Zodhiates) (318 * anagke) Necessity, compelling force,
1). The needfulness, the compelling force was given by the Holy Spirit.
2). 2 Peter 1:21 "For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man; but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost."
3. "and exhort you that you should earnestly contend for the faith which was once delivered unto the saints."
a. earnestly contend (Zodhiates) (1864 * epagonizomai) To fight for or in reference to something.
b. (NASB) "which was once for all delivered to the saints."
For there are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this condemnation, ungodly men, turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness, and denying the only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ.
1. "For there are certain men crept in unawares,"
a. crept in unawares (Zodhiates) (3921 * pareisduo; para-unto at the side of; eisduo-to enter in) To enter in craftily, secretly, without notice, like a thief.
1). John 10:1 "Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that entereth not in by the door into the sheepfold, but climbeth up some other way, the same is a thief and a robber."
2). Cp. John 10:9, 10.
3). See 1 John 2:18-23
b. 2 Peter 2:1 "But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction.
1). privily (Zodhiates) (3919 * pareisago) To bring in by the side of, to introduce along with others. In the N.T., to lead or bring in secretly or craftily, to smuggle in. [Note DC: pareisago is synonymous with pareisduo, used in Jude 4, "crept in unawares".]
2). In Jude 4 the men themselves "crept in unawares", while in 2 Peter 2:1 it's their heresies that they "privily shall bring in".
3). damnable (Zodhiates) (684 * apoleia) In the N.T. apoleia refers to the state after death wherein exclusion from salvation is a realized factIn 2 Peter 2:1 [it means] "Heresies of destruction".
4). It is interesting to note that Peter writes in future tense, "there shall be", while Jude writes in present tense, "there are". This leads me to believe that Peter wrote his second epistle before Jude wrote his. Unger's Bible Dictionary has the date of 2 Peter at 66-67 A.D. and Jude dated at any time between 66 and 75-80 A.D. is possible.
c. Other Scriptures that warn of false teachers are:
1). Acts 20:28-30 "Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood. For I know this, that after my departing shall grievous wolves enter in among you, not sparing the flock. Also of your own selves shall men arise, speaking perverse things, to draw away disciples after them."
2). See also: 1 Timothy 4:1-3; Revelation 2:11-16; Revelation 2:18-29.
3). 2 Timothy 4:2-4 "Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine. For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine, but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears; And they shall turn away their ears from the truth, and shall be turned unto fables."
4). Doctrine comes from the word: 2 Timothy 3:16. The word is the final authority: Romans 3:3, 4.
2. "who were before of old ordained to this condemnation,"
a. Amplified Bible: "Their doom was predicted long ago"
b. who were before of old ordained (Zodhiates) (4270 * prographo) To write before.
3. "ungodly men, turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness"
a. ungodly (Zodhiates) (765 * asebes; a-without; sebomai-to worship, venerate) Basically it means godless, without fear and reverence of God. It does not mean irreligious, but one who actively practices the opposite of what the fear of God demands.
b. lasciviousness (Zodhiates) (766 * aselgeia) License, debauchery, sexual excess, absence of restraint, insatiable desire for pleasure.
c. These false teachers will have no reverence for God, they will teach that the grace of God covers any kind of fleshly excess, including sexual excess [sex outside of marriage, living together, homosexuality].
d. But the Scriptures teach something different.
1). Romans 6:1, 2 "What shall we say then? Shall we continue in sin, that grace may abound? God forbid"
2). Titus 2:11, 12 "For the grace of God that bringeth salvation hath appeared to all men, teaching us that, denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly, in this present world;"
4. "and denying the only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ."
a. 2 Peter 2:1 "even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction."
1). Denying (Zodhiates) (720 * arneomai) To denydecline, reject, give up.
b. These false teachers are among other things, anti-christs.
1). 1 John 2:18-22 "Little Children, it is the last time: and as ye have heard that antichrist shall come, even now are there many antichrists; whereby we know that it is the last time. They went out from us, but they were not of us; for if they had been of us, they would have no doubt have continued with us: but they went out, that they might be made manifest that they were not all of us. But ye have an unction from the Holy One, and ye know all things. I have written unto you because ye know not the truth, but because ye know it, and that no lie is of the truth. Who is a liar but he that denieth that Jesus is the Christ? He is antichrist, that denieth the Father and the Son."
2). We can also deny him in our actions: Titus 1:15, 16; Matthew 10:33.
NOTE: Because of the similarity between Jude and 2 Peter, we will continue 2 Peter where Jude leaves off.
5. 2 Peter 2:2 "And many shall follow their pernicious ways; by reason of whom the way of truth shall be evil spoken of."
a. Many shall follow these destructive and ungodly heresies because of who is doing the teaching. [Cp. 2 Timothy 4:3, 4.]
b. evil spoken of (Zodhiates) (987 * blasphemeo) To blaspheme, revile. To hurt the reputation or smite with reports of words, speak evil of, slander.
1). These false teachers will teach blasphemy.
6. 2 Peter 2:3 "And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you"
a. feigned (Zodhiates) (4112 * plastos; Eng. Plastic) Artificial, false, hypocritical, deceitful. [Words] easily shaped as desired.
b. merchandise (Zodhiates) (1710 * emporeuomai) To go or enter in, travel about in journey. In the N.T., to travel about as a merchant or trader on a large scale
7. 2 Peter 2:3"whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not."
a. Their damnation will be swift.
My name is Don Costello. Ever since I received Christ in November of 1976 I have had a passion to study and know God's word.My wife Melissa and I have 5 children.
My e-mail address is firstname.lastname@example.org
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