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by Don Costello
6/13/2008 / Bible Studies
These are spots in your feasts of charity, when they feast with you, feeding themselves with out fear: clouds they are with water, carried about of winds; trees whose fruit withereth, without fruit, twice dead, plucked up by the roots;
1. "These are spots in your feasts of charity,"
a. spots [4694 * spilas] [Zodhiates: A rock by or in the sea, a cliff or sand bank on which vessels are shipwrecked. Figuratively of false teachers who, as hidden reefs, cause others to make shipwreck of their faith.
b. This verse describes these people as hidden reefs, which calls to mind a few verses in Paul's letters to Timothy. In the following verses Hymenaeus and Alexander have made shipwreck of their own faith.
1). 1 Timothy 1:19, 20 "Holding faith, and a good conscience; which some having put away concerning faith have made shipwreck;
Of whom is Hymenaeus and Alexander; whom I have delivered unto Satan, that they may learn not to blaspheme.
c. In the following verse Hymenaeus and Philetus are described as overthrowing the faith of others.
1). 2 Timothy 2:17, 18 "And their word will eat as a canker: of whom is Hymenaeus and Philetus;
Who concerning the truth have erred, saying that the resurrection is past already; and overthrow the faith of some."
d. 2 Peter 2:13 speaking of the same people says: "And shall receive the reward of unrighteousness, as they that count it pleasure to riot in the day time. Spots they are and blemishes,"
1). riot [5172 * truphe] [Bullinger: "a breaking down, especially of the mind, and making effeminate; hence, luxury, indulgence,"]
[Zodhiates: to break up or enfeeble by luxury which destroys the integrity of body and mind.]
2). This definition of riot intrigues me. Could it be that the passage in 2 Timothy 3:4, that describes the religious people there as, "lovers of pleasure more that lovers of God", and the fact that they are "incontinent" i.e., unable to govern one's own appetites, be related. Does this explain all the "addiction" usage in our vocabulary, where we are addicted to every thing from chocolate to video games to pornography to what ever? Is our pleasure loving, hedonistic culture producing a bunch of weak, feeble people who can't control any of their desires?
3). spots [4696 * spilos] [Zodhiates: a spot or stain, figuratively in a moral sense.] [Vines? Metaphorically of lascivious persons.]
4). The Body of Christ will be cleansed of all such individuals before the rapture. Perhaps we will be toughened up by a revelation of the power of God. Cp. Ephesians 5:26, 27.
2. "when they feast with you, feeding themselves without fear:"
a. The phrase "when they feast with you", is speaking of eating a natural meal together; while the phrase "feeding themselves without fear" is not.
1). According to 1 Peter 2:1-3 we taste and see the Lord is good by laying aside malice and guile.
2). According to Isaiah 55:1 and 2, when we hearken diligently unto God we eat that which is good.
3). Likewise, these in a sinful manner feed themselves with out fear with their sinful desires.
b. 2 Peter 2:13, 14 "sporting themselves with their own deceivings while they feast with you;"
1). How? By "having eyes full of adultery, and that cannot cease from sin; beguiling unstable souls:" [Remember the reefs causing shipwreck], "an heart have they excercised with covetous practices; cursed children:"
3. "clouds they are without water, carried obout of winds;"
a. Dake: Clouds without the true refreshing showers of truth.
1). Deuteronomy 32:2 "My doctrine shall drop as the rain, my speech shall distil as the dew, as the small rain upon the tender herb, and as showers upon the grass:"
2). Isaiah 55:10, 11 "For as the rain cometh down, and the snow from heaven, and returneth not thither, but watereth the earth, and maketh it bring forth and bud, that it may give seed to the sower, and bread to the eater:
So shall my word be that goeth forth out of my mouth: it shall not return unto me void, but it shall accomplich that which I please, and it shall prosper in the thing whereto I saent it."
b. In light of the above, a look at Proverbs 25:14
1). "Who so boasteth himself of a false gift is like clouds and wind without rain."
c. The context of "carried about of winds" lpooks like false doctrine as opposed to sound doctrine.
1). Ephesians 4:14 "That we henceforth be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the sleight of men, and cunning fcraftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive."
d. 2 Peter 2:17 "These are wells without water, clouds that are carried with a tempest;"
1). Wells without water means they changed their gods: Jeremiah 2:11-13.
2). No water, no salvation: John 4:14; Isaiah 12:3.
4. "trees whose fruit withereth, without fruit, twice dead, plucked up by the roots;"
a. whose fruit withereth [Zodhiates] [5352 * phthinoporinos; phthino-to decay, fail, wither; opora-autumn].
b. These are without fruit because they are without Jesus.
1). John 15:4, 5 "Abide in me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, except it abide in the vine; no more can ye, except ye abide in me.
I am the vine, ye are the branches: He that abideth in me, and I in him, the same bringeth forth much fruit: for without me ye can do nothing."
c. . God desires us to be fruitful and is longsuffering towards us.
1). Luke 13:6-9.
2). James 5:7.
d. Dake: How could they be twice dead if they had not been revived from death, had lived awhile and then died again?
1). James 5:19, 20.
e. These trees not planted by God.
1). Matthew 15:13; Matthew 13:37-42.
Raging waves of the sea, foaming out their own shame; wandering stars, to whom is reserved the blackness of darkness forever.
1. "Raging waves of the sea, foaming out their own shame;"
a. raging [66 * agrios] [Eng. Agriculture] [Zodhiates: Belonging to the field, wild, turbulent, tempestuous.
b. foaming [1890 * epaphrizo] [Zodhiates: To foam upon or out, meaning to pour out like foam.] [ D.C.: Opening a coke after it has been dropped or shaken.]
c. shame [152 * aischune] [Vine: A thing to be ashamed of] [Bullinger: The sense of disgrace.
d. Their lifestyle produces the shame.
1). Isaiah 57: 20 "But the wicked are like the troubled sea, when it cannot rest, whose waters cast up mire and dirt."
2). Phillippians 3:18, 19 "(For many walk, of whom I have told you often, and now tell you even weeping, that they are the enemies of the cross of Christ:
Whose end is destruction, whose God is their belly, and whose glory is in their shame, who mind earthly things.)
3). Speaking of the last days Jesus said, "And there shall be signs in the sun, and in the moon, and in the stars; and upon the earth distress of nations, with perplexity; the sea and the waves roaring;"
2. "wandering stars, to whom is reserved the blackness of darkness forever."
a. wandering [4107 * planets] [English: planet] [Zodhiates: From planao-lead astray; One who wanders about. In the N.T., attributed to a star, a wandering star; planet; figuratively of a false teacher.]
b. stars [792 * aster] [Zodhiates: Metaphorically of false and impius teachers as star planets, wandering stars, meteors.]
c. 2 Peter 2:17 "to whom the mist of darkness is reserved forever."
d. The Gospel Truth, 9/82 "Paul wrote in Romans 1:18 "the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteous of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness." In the final analysis, Bible precepts are based on literal truths, even when the writer expressed them in allegorical fromThe judgment of God against sin is manifested in many ways from the heavens: comets, asteroids, eclipses and the most awesome, black holes. The most final and conclusive judgment of God against all who refuse to accept Jesus Christ, the way of salvation, is the lake of fireScientists theorize that black holes in space are the result of a nova. Due to the resulting imbalance of elements from centuries of atomic action, the star collapses from within. Our own sun could be compressed into a ball no more than a few miles in diameter. Because of the tremendous gravity, the atoms are stripped of their shells and the entire mass is converted into liquid from, where the heat factor rises to millions or billions of degrees. There would be no scale on earth large enough to measure the weight of even a teaspoon of this matter. The gravity would be so over-powering that no light could escape and any foreign body entering the gravitational field would be drawn into it. Subsequently, the atoms of alien matter would likewise be stripped, and it would become part of this black lake of fire"
My name is Don Costello. Ever since I received Christ in November of 1976 I have had a passion to study and know God's word.My wife Melissa and I have 5 children.
My e-mail address is email@example.com
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