For the creature was made subject to vanity, not willingly, but by reason of him who subjected the same in hope.
1."For the creature was made subject to vanity, not illingly"
a. made subject [5293 * hupotasso; hupo-under; tasso-to arrange] a military term, to rank under.
b. vanity [3153 * mataiotes] emptiness as to results, of the creation as failing of the results designed, owing to sin.
c. willingly[1635 * hekon] Out of free will, voluntary.
d. [NASV] "For the creation was subjected to futility, not of its own will"
e. When God created the universe He did so with the foreknowledge it would fail.
f. Creation made subject to vanity: all of creation was originally created good.
1). Genesis 1:1-25
d. Man was given dominion over all of creation.
1). Genesis 1:26-28 "And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the, fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.
So God created man in his image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.
And God blessed them , and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth."
e. Man and animals vegetarian.
1) Genesis 1:29-30 "And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in the which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to you it shall be for meat.
And to every beast of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to every thing that creepeth upon the earth, wherein there is life, I have given every green herb for meat: and it was so."
f. The curse and the providence of God.
1). God commanded Adam that he could eat of every tree of the garden except the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. This was a clear command.
a). Genesis 2:15-17 "And the LORD God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it.
And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat:
But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die."
2). Adam stands by and allows the serpent to tempt and deceive his wife and sins with her by eating the fruit.
a). Genesis 3:1-6 "Now the serpent was more subtil than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden?
And the woman said unto the werpent, We may eat of the fruit of the trees of the garden:
But of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God hath said, Ye shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die.
And the serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die:
For God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil.
And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat."
3). Because of the dominion over all creation given to man by God (Genesis 1:26), when man sinned, he legally gave that dominion over to satan. He committed spiritual treason and willingly became the servant to sin.
a). Romans 6:16 "Know ye not, that to whom ye yield yourselves servants to obey, his servants ye are to whom ye obey; whether of sin unto death, or of obedience unto righteous?"
4). Satan, upon being given the dominion that was originally given to Adam, became the god of this world.
a). 2 Corinthians 4:4 "In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them."
g. Genesis 3:14 "And the LORD God said unto the serpent, Because thou hast done this, thou art cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field; upon thy belly shalt thou go, and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy life:
1). The whole animal kingdom was cursed, but the serpent received the worst of it. All of creation was plunged into the bondage of corruption because of Adams and Eve's sin, but because the serpent yielded his body to the devil, the serpent and his kind, received the worst of it.
a). It is here that carnivorous natures begin, poison in serpents. The "bondage of corruption" listed in the next verse.
b). In Romans 3:13, "the poison of asps is under their lips", likens sin to the venom in snakes, i.e., the venom came into the world when sin came in.
2). "upon thy belly thou shalt go"
a). Apparently the serpent walked upright but one of its parts in the curse was he lost that ability, and that part of the curse will never be removed, even after the restoration in the new creation: Isaiah 65:17-25; Isaiah 11:6-9.
b). An article written by Malcolm Ritter of the Associated Press on 4/22/06, entitled, New fossil rekindles argument over snakes, reports a fossil find of a snake with legs. "It's the first time scientists have found a snake with a sacrum, a bony feature supporting the pelvis, Zaher said. That feature was lost as snakes evolved from lizards, he said, and because this is the only known snake that hasn't lost it, it must be the most primitive known.He said that although the creature had two small rear legs, it crawled like a modern-day snake and probable used its legs only on occasion, though for what purpose is unclearThe creature's name comes from a Hebrew word for snake and the Rio Negro province of Argentina, where the discovery was made."
3). "and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy life."
1). The snakes eyesight is poorthe serpent continually flicks its tongue into the air to collect tiney particles of dust. It transfers these to an organ in the roof of their mouth called a Jacobson organ. It then interprets the information giving the snake the direction for food and allows it to sense danger.
2. "but by reason of him who subjected the same in hope."
a. [NASV] "but because of Him who subjected it, in hope."
1). God is in control. It is God that subjected his creation to vanity, It is God that says here and in other passages that he will redeem his creation. Before the creation was ever spoken into existence God had a plan of redemption.
a). 1 Peter 1:18-20 Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your vain conversation received by tradition from your fathers;
But with the precious blood of Christ, as a lamb without blemish and without spot: Who verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you,"
My name is Don Costello. Ever since I received Christ in November of 1976 I have had a passion to study and know God's word.My wife Melissa and I have 5 children.