And it shall come to pass in the last days, that the mountain of the LORD'S house shall be established in the top of the mountains, and shall be exalted above the hills; and all nations shall flow unto it.
1. "And it shall come to pass in the last days"
a. The last days began with the death and resurrection of Christ Jesus. They include not only the 2000 plus years of the church age, but also the Second Coming of Christ and the Millennial Reign of Christ. This can be seen in the use of the term by different writers in Scripture in both the Old and New Testaments.
1). Genesis 49:1 And Jacob called unto his sons, and said, Gather yourselves together, that I may tell you that which shall befall you in the last days.
2). Acts 2:17 And it shall come to pass in the last days, saith God, I will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh: and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams:
3). Hebrews 1:2 Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds;
4). The other occurrences of this are James 5:3; 2 Timothy 3:1; 2 Peter 3:3. The other Old Testament citations are the text in Isaiah 2:2 and Micah 4:1
2. "that the mountain of the LORD'S house shall be established in the top of the mountains, and shall be exalted above the hills"
a. After Jesus returns and begins to set up his kingdom, at the beginning of the Millennial reign of Christ, the whole geographical area surrounding Jerusalem will be changed, this fact is mentioned in Micah.
1). Micah 4:1 But in the last days it shall come to pass, that the mountain of the house of the LORD shall be established in the top of the mountains, and it shall be exalted above the hills; and people shall flow into it.
b. When Jesus ascended into heaven, he did so from the mount of Olives. Notice in the passage what the angels told his disciples concerning his return.
2). Acts 1:9-12 And when he had spoken these things, while they beheld, he was taken up; and a cloud received him out of their sight.
And while they looked steadfastly toward heaven as he went up, behold, two men stood by them in white apparel;
Which also said, Ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into heaven? This same Jesus, which is take up from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him go into heaven.
Then returned they unto Jerusalem from the mount called Olivet, which is from Jerusalem a Sabbath days journey.
c. This prophetic promise will be fulfilled at the beginning of the second coming of Christ. A good description of this geographical change accompanying the second coming is found in Zechariah.
1). Zechariah 14:4 And his feet shall stand in that day upon the mount of Olives, which is before Jerusalem on the east, and the mount of Olives shall cleave in the midst thereof toward the east and toward the west, and there shall be a very great valley; and the half of the mountain shall remove toward the north, and half of it toward the south.
d. The rest of the change is mentioned a few verses in the chapter.
1). Zechariah 14:10 All the land shall be turned as a plain from Geba to Rimmon south of Jerusalem: and it shall be lifted up, and inhabited in her place, from Benjamin's gate unto the place of the first gate, unto the corner gate, and from to tower of Hananeel unto the king's winepresses.
a). According to Zondervan Atlas of the Bible, by Carl G. Rasmussen, Zondervan, 2010, p.121. Geba and Rimmon were separated by about 45 miles.
b). Zechariah, by David Baron, Kregel Press, p. 511. "All this district from Geba to Rimmon is to be changed and become "as the Arabah". This word, translated "plain" in the A.V., is the proper name of the Jordan valley "that remarkable depression which runs from the slopes of Hermon to the Red Sea, known as the deepest depression on the face of the globe"; the sea of Galilee situated within it being 652 feet below the level of the Mediterranean, while the Dead Sea, which is also included in its course, is 1316 feet below that level, or the level of the Red Sea. Parts of this valley were distinguished for their luxurious vegetation, but the reference here is not to its fertility nor to its deep depression, which probably will itself undergo modification in that day of great physical as well as moral upheavals, but to the fact of its being a plain. The whole hill country specified shall be leveled or become a plain, and she (i.e. Jerusalem) "shall be lifted up" (or "exalted") "and shall dwell" (or "become settled") "in her place""
2. "and all nations shall flow unto it."
a. flow [5102 * nahar][Gesenius: to shine, beam, light, burn, to beam, be radiant, to flow, stream
to flow, stream.]
b. [NLT] "and people from all over the world will stream there to worship."
c. During the Millennial Reign of Christ, Jesus will be the absolute ruler over all the earth.
1). The Millennial Kingdom, John Walvoord, Dunham Publishing 1959, Zondervan Publishing House. P. 299. "The fact that Christ will reign over the earth is of course imbedded in practically every prophecy concerning the millennial kingdom. The absolute character of His reign is indicated in Isaiah 11:3-5.
a). Isaiah 11:1-5 And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots:
And the spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD;
And shall make him of quick understanding in the fear of the LORD: and he shall not judge after the sight of his eyes, neither reprove after the hearing of his ears:
But with righteousness shall he judge the poor, and reprove with equity for the meek of the earth: and he shall smite the earth with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips shall he slay the wicked.
And righteousness shall be the girdle of his loins, and faithfulness the girdle of his reins.
2). There are many passages and individual Scriptures that establish this truth. A few others that confirm the absolute rule of the Messiah are Psalm 2; Revelation 2:26, 27.
My name is Don Costello. Ever since I received Christ in November of 1976 I have had a passion to study and know God's word.My wife Melissa and I have 5 children.
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