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THE LAMB OF GOD IN THE OLD TESTAMENT SANCTUARIES, CH- II, PART- 4
by Dr Surya Kumar Daimari
11/30/2014 / Bible Studies
Continued from CH-II, Part- 3
Sacrifice in the Old Testament Sanctuaries
THE TEMPLE OF SOLOMON:
The Temple of Solomon was built exactly upon the sacred placed of intended sacrifice of Isaac by Abraham on the Mount Moriah. The building began in April / May of 967 B.C. and was completed in Oct /Nov 960 B.C. So it took a total of 7 and half year in its completion (I king 6:1,37).
The Temple was built on the line of the tabernacle but the dimensions were doubled and the height rippled than the former sanctuary. (I king 6)
The measurement of the Temple:
Length = 60 cubits i.e., 90 ft (27 meters) long
Breath = 20 cubits i.e., 30 ft (9m) wide
Height = 30 cubits i.e., 45, ft (13.5m) high
Length 20 cubits , i.e., 30ft (9m)
Breath = 10 cubits, i.e., 15 ft (4.5m)
Against the walls of the main hall and the inner sanctuary, Solomon there a structure around the building, in which there were side rooms.
(i) The lowest floor = five cubits wide, i.e. 7.5 ft (2.3m)
(ii) The middle floor = six cubits i.e., 9 ft (3.1 m)
(iii) The third floor = Seven cubits i.e. 10.5 ft (3.1 m)
The height of each floor = five cubits i.e. 7.5 ft (2.3m) He built the side rooms all along the temple. They were attached to the temple by beams of cedar. The roofing was made with beams and cedar planks. The entrance to the lowest floor was on the south of the temple; a stairway led up to the middle level and from there to the third.
The interior walls were lined up with cedar boards, and paneled from the floor of the temple to the ceiling. The floor of the temple was covered with planks of pine. The partition was made with cedar boards from floor to ceiling to form within the temple an inner Sanctuary, the Most Holy place.
The length of the main hall was 40 cubits long, i.e. 60 ft the inside of the temple was cedar, carved with gourds and open flowers.
The Inner Sanctuary, the Most Holy Place:
Length = 20 cubits long i.e., 30 ft (9m)
Breath = 20 cubits wide, i.e.,
Height = 20 cubits high, i.e.,
The inside of the sanctuary was overlaid with pure gold and also the altar of cedar. The stone walls were lined with carved cedar and overlaid with pure gold. Even the ceilings and the floor were covered with gold. The door was held in place by gold chain. Gold chains were extended across the front of the inner sanctuary. The entrance to the inner sanctuary which consisted of double door of olive wood with carvings was also overlaid with gold.
A pair of cherubim of olive wood, each ten cubits high (15ft) was made in the inner sanctuary. One wing of the first cherub was 7.5 ft long and the other wing 7.5 ft 15 ft long form wing tip to wing tip. The second cherub also measured the same and both were identical in size and shape. The height of each cherub was 15ft. Cherubim were placed inside the inner most room of the temple with their wings touched each other in the middle of the room. The cherubim were overlaid with fold. Cherubim, Palm trees, and open flowers were carved on each wall of the temple in both inside and outside. On the two olive wood hall, two pine door each having two leaves were made that turned in sockets. Cherubim, palm trees and open flowers were carved on them. They were overlaid with gold hammered evenly over the carvings. The inner courtyard was built of three courses of dressed stone and one course of trimmed cedar beams.
There were two courts, on inner court surrounding the holy area which was reserved for the exclusive use of the priests (II Kings 23:12; II Kings 6:36; II Chr 4:9). The outer court or "the great court" was used by the people. The inner court was called the upper or higher court. The huge basin called the molten sea and the bronze altar of sacrifice, as well as lesser times of equipment, including ten lavers were placed on the inner court. The inner court was 100 cubits (150 ft) wide and 200 cubits (300 ft) in length. The outer or the lower court was at least 400 cubits (600 ft) long and 200 cubits (300 ft) wide.
It took seven and half years to complete this exclusive, extravagant and magnificent edifice. Solomon drafted seventy thousand men to cut cedars in Lebanon and carry them down to the coast of Israel to Joppa and then haul them up to Jerusalem, eighty thousand men as stonecutters in the hills and thirty six hundred as foremen over them, altogether a total of 15,3600 people. This extravagant and splendorous temple was one of the costliest buildings ever constructed.
"In 1925 the Illinois Society of Architects estimated that the gold and silver used in the Temple would be valued at more than $34 billion; and the total cost, would be $87 billion. IN today's values, that would be well over $1 trillion (or Rupees 800,000 crores)" 2# Stanton
The Dedication of the Temple:
The dedication ceremony of the temple was one of the greatest and the most auspicious event in history. Solomon offered a sacrifice of fellowship offerings to the Lord, twenty two thousand cattle and a hundred and twenty thousand sheep and goats a total of 142,000 animals ( I Kings 8:63)
All the Levites who were musicians Asaph, Heman, Jeduthun and their sons relative stood on the east side of the altar, dressed in fine linen and playing cymbals, harps and lyres. They were accompanied by 120 priests sounding trumpets. The trumpeters and singers joined in unison as with one voice to give praise and thanks to the Lord. Accompanied by trumpets, cymbals and other instruments, they raised their voices in praise to the Lord and sang.
He is good;
His love endures forever,'
Then the temple of the Lord was filled with a cloud and the priests could not perform their service because of the cloud, for the glory of the Lord filled the temple of God. "II Chr 5:12-13 NIV)
Solomon offered his prayer of thanksgiving to his great God. The Lord God did honor Solomon's faith and
"When Solomon finished praying, fire came down heaven and consumed the burnt offering and the sacrifices, and the glory of the Lord filled the temple. The priests could not enter the temple of the Lord because the glory of the Lord filled it. When all the Israelites saw the fire coming down and the glory of the Lord above the temple, they knelt on the pavement with their faces to the ground, and they worshipped and gave thanks to the Lord, saying,
'He is Good;
His love endures forever," II Chr 7:1-3
The temple of Solomon was an earthly temple built with splendor and majesty. But with all his glory and splendor he indeed became the type of the one who is to come and rule in peace
"from sea to sea" Ps 72:8. The temple is a type of the temple of God in heaven Rev 21:22 says that the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are its temple."
1#The portico : a grand entrance to a building consisting of a roof supported by pillars.
2#Don E. Stanton,
The coming world capital, P13
Maranatha Revival Crusade,
To be continued
Name of the Author of this article: Dr. Surya Kumar Daimari, MA,M.Ed, PGDTE,D.Min.(Doctor of Ministry)
The author is a freelance writer.
Book published: The Names of the Believers in the Bible in Types and Symbols .
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Read more articles by Dr Surya Kumar Daimari
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