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THE LAMB OF GOD IN THE OLD TESTAMENT SANCTUARIES, CH- III, PART- 1
by Dr Surya Kumar Daimari
12/14/2014 / Bible Studies
Continued after CH- II, P-5
1. WHY THE NECESSITY OF BLOOD?
THE OUT LINE
1. An Approach to God.
For forgiveness, fellowship and communion.
(ii) The Universality
(iii) The Terminology
(iv) Sin and Satan
(v) The State of man
(vi) Remission of sin
(a) The wonder of mercy seat
(b) The forgiveness of God
2. The Anticipation of a Greater Sacrifice.
1. AN APPROACH TO GOD-
For forgiveness, fellowship and Communion.
From the very beginning of creation of human being, men must have sacrifice in their inmost hearts which was necessary for the expiation of their guilt. This has been a universal fact that whenever there is a conception of God, there is a sacrifice in some form or the other. So deeply rooted is the thought in our humanity that there must be a sacrifice. Sacrifice, "qorban" in Heb from the root 'qrb' means to draw near or approach. The idea is therefore that sacrifices were a means to approach to God. Sacrifice of animals seemed to have been the universal means of approach to God since Adam till the cross. Sacrifice became a sacred institution in the OT sanctuaries among the Israelite. In case of Israelite, it was God Himself who instituted this sacrificial system. But at the same time, sacrifices were made in parallel contemporarily among the heathens since the time immemorial. The practice of sacrifice is still prevalent among the pagan and various religious groups. We have found that sacrifice is clearly indicated in the Vedas.
In the OT sanctuary, animals were not only slain but the blood was applied on the horns of the altar and sprinkled upon the mercy seat of the Ark of the Covenant in the most holy place. The most vital question is now, "Why the necessity?" "Why the necessity of the blood?"
An OT worshiper had some important thinking in mind while making a sacrificial offering ---
(1) It was a self dedication to God. Lev I
(2) It showed his generosity in giving, e.g., the cereal offering. Lev 2
(3) It was a means of thanksgiving, praise, fellowship and communion of the worshiper with God, e.g., the peace offering. Lev 3
(4) It was a means of Expiation by substitution, e.g., Sin offering, Lev 4
(5) It was a means of Expiation and Restitution, e.g., the guilt offering, Lev 5
The different kinds of sacrificial offering mentioned in the Book of Leviticus actually meant only one thing, i.e., an approach to God for forgiveness, for fellowship and communion. Man has been ever trying to restore this relationship with God that was broken in the Garden of Eden. But SIN comes in between God and man. SIN is the greatest enemy of humanity.
(1) It is the universality of sin that pervades all men,
(2) It is the sin that separates man from God.
(3) IT is because of sin that man can never approach God by self righteousness.
It is therefore important that we know the biblical nuggets, views and explanations of sin.
1. The Universality of Sin:
It may be difficult to define SIN in just few words. But we can imagine the universality of sin and its terribility in human life through our own experiences.
"All the sorrow, all the bitterness, all the violence, tragedy, heartache and shame of man's history are summed up in that one little word, 'sin', It isn't a popular word, it certainly isn't a fashionable word any more but it's a terribly true one! "Says Graham Billy #1
These are all true in our human life. The other way of saying is that it is because of SIN that we suffer and experience these things in our day to day life.
Why do we suffer?
Why do we suffer sickness?
Why do we not have the perfect happiness despite our money, wealth?
Why violence is increasing day by day?
Why do people take the means of violence for peace?
Why are the human beings more prone to do evil rather than good?
Why does there seem to be want of love, peace, tolerance, sympathy, understanding in our society?
The Bible teaches about the total depravity of man. The total depravity refers to the corruption or pollution of human nature, i.e. the pervasiveness of evil in man.
Gen 6:5 declares the state of man in these words,
"The Lord saw that the wickedness of man was great on the earth and that every intent of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually."
Gen 8:21 also says,
"For the intent of man's heart is evil form his youth." This is true of all times. Why did Cain murder Abel?
The Bible answers,
"Because his own actions were evil," I Jn 3:12
The same verse also says.
He "belonged to the evil".
Jude 12 speaks of "the way of Cain" which has become the way of the world to day. In other words,
"the way of the world is the way of Cain,"
When we look around the world what do we see?
Violence! Hatred! Enmity! Wars! Ruthless killing!
Selfishness! Adultery! Wickedness!
These are obviously the outward expression of the inwardness of man's state, i.e., SIN. Yes, Cain had murdered Abel because his heart was evil. The present state of man is obviously the result of one dreadful thing, i.e., SIN.
2. Origin Sin.
According to the Bible, sin originated with Satan in his rebellion against God when in his pride he sought to make himself like the Most High.
Is 14:12-14 cf I Tim 3:6
In human experience, sin originated with Adam when he disobeyed the commandment of God and broke His commandment by eating the forbidden fruit heeding the voice of Satan.
The consequence was really very great and dreamful. As a consequence of Adam and Eve's sin, they-
Eventually died physically. For God had said,
(1) The day you will eat, you will surely die- for dust, you are, and to dust you will return" Gen. 3:19
(2) They also experienced spiritual death, i.e., they were alienated from God and His fellowship. They were banished from the garden of Eden, Gen 3:23
See Rom 6:23, Rev 20:15
(iii) Human suffering sorrow became integral part of human life.
Gen. 3:16, 17
(iv) Adam's sin was imputed to the whole human race.
"Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, and in this way death came to all man because all sinned -------
Death reigned from the time of Adam to the time of Moses, even over those who did not sin by breaking a command, as did Adam, who was a pattern of the one to come."
"The one to come" refers to Jesus Christ who did no sin yet had to suffer death.
See I pet 2:22
(v) By nature, the human being become sinful Anger, last, hatred ---- became part of our life.
(vi) The moral life was directly affected.
(vii) It is because of Adam's sin that human being became more prone to committing sin.
3. The Terminology
1. Heb 'ra' means 'bad', 'evil' Gen. 28:17
2. Heb "rasha' means "wickedness" Ex 2:13
3. Heb 'asham' means 'guilt' Gen. 26:10
4. Heb 'hata' means to lose the path or miss the mark
Ex. 20:20; Judge 20:26; Job 5:24
5. Heb 'awon' means 'iniquity'. It gives the meaning of crookedness, of twisting away intentionally from God's path.
6. Heb 'Shagag' means 'err', Is 28:7
7. Heb 'taa' means 'wander' away, Ez 48:1
8. Heb 'pasha' means 'rebel', II king 3:5
Translated as 'transgress'
SIN IN GREEEK
1. Hamartia' --- is the most inclusive word in Gr for sin. It means a departure from the way of righteousness.
2. Kakos --- bad, moral evil, occasionally used to denote physical evil. Rom 13:3
3. Ponerous ------ evil (Mt 5:45)
4. Asebes ---- godless ---- opposite to pious (eusebes)
Rom 1:18; I Tim 1:9
5. Enochos --- guilty worthy of death, Ja 2:10, Mt 26:66
6. Adikia --- unrighteousness, ICor 6:9
7. Anomos --- lawlessness, I Tim 1:9, translated as iniquity.
8. Parabates --- transgressor, Ja 2:9,11
It refers to the transgressor of the Mosaic Law.
9. Agnoeo to be ignorant, Rom 1:13
10. Plana --- to go astray, I pet 2:25
11. Paraptoma a fault, Gal 6:1
It refers to a deliberate trespass truth.
12. Hypocrites ---- hypocrite, I Tim 4:2
13. Parapipto --- to fall away, Heb 6:6
It refers to a deliberate turning away from truth.
When we put together all these words, we will have a complete view of the word 'SIN'. ---
To lose the path or miss the mark,
Iniquity --- twisting away from God's path intentionally,
Rebel, rebellion or transgression,
Departure from the way of righteousness,
Moral evil, physical evil (e.g., adultery),
Guilty worthy of death,
Transgress of the law,
To be ignorant of ,
To go astray,
Fault ---- a deliberate trespass,
To fall away a deliberate turning away from the truth (apostasy).
Sin has been well defined in biblical phrases and languages
1. All unrighteousness is sin, I Jn 5:17
2. Transgression of the law is sin, I Jn 3:4
3. What is not of faith is sin , Rom 14:23
4. Not doing good when one known to do good is sin, Jn 4:17
5. What separates man form God is sin , Is 59:2
6. Multitude of words is sin, Prov 10:19
7. Foolish thought is sin, Prov 24:9
8. Despising the neighbor is sin, Prov 14:21
9. Lust becomes sin when it is conceived, Ja 1:15
10. Departure from the way of God's righteousness, I Cor 6:13
All these words or phrases mean more or less the same thing i.e., disobedience to God and His law. Sin is a deliberate crime against God knowingly hitting the wrong mark contrary to God's will. We can sum up by defining sin in this way,
"all that are contrary to or any want of conformity with God's Law, Character, Standard or Will is SIN."
We have this contradiction in Gal 5:19-21 and 5:22
Fruits of the Spirit/God's law V 22
#Spirit against the flesh, V17
Work of the flesh/sin v 19-21
# Flesh against the Spirit, V17
4. Sin and Satan:
It is the evil, i.e., sin that instigates the man to perform the works of the flesh, i.e., the works of the Satan. So when we commit a certain sin, it means that we have become slave to sin. Becoming slave to sin, it means that we become slave to Satan himself. Because, Sin is Satanic. Satan is a deceptive, enticing, lying, tormenting and destructive a spirit. Satan is the arch enemy of God and originator of sin. He is always trying to deceive and destroy God's people.
"Be sover, be vigilant; because your adversary, the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about seeking whom he may devour." It Pet 5:8
Satan is obviously a personal being and a spiritual being who deceived Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden and who is able to deceive man even today. There are several mentions of "an evil spirit' in the OT. In the book of I Samuel there is the mention of an evil spirit that troubled Saul and instigated him to murder David with his javelin.
"And it came to pass on the morrow, that the evil spirit from God came upon Saul, and he prophesied in the midst of the house.
------- There was a javelin in Saul's hand. And Saul cast the javelin; for he said. I will smite David even to the way with it ---------" I Sam 18:10
"But the spirit of the Lord departed form Saul, and an evil spirit from the Lord troubled him." I Sam 16:14 see I Sam 16:16, 23:19:9; Hos 4:12; 5:4
Cf I Jan 5:18 'evil one' (NIV)
"wicked one" (kJV)
I king 22:19-25 speaks of a lying spirit.
Jesus also called Satan a liar and the Father of it.
"Ye are of your father the devil and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own; for he is a liar and father of it." Jn 8:44
5. The State of Man:
The Bible has given us a clean view of the state of man --- the helpless condition of man.
1. Man is sinful from the birth from the very moment of conception.
2. "All have sinned and come short of the glory of God" ----
3. All our righteous deeds are like filthy rags in sight of God. Is 64:6
4. For the intent of man's heart is evil form his youth,
5. Paul in the Book of Romans speaks of a law, i.e., law of sin.
"I find then a law, that when I would do good, evil is present with me, for I delight in the law of God after the inward man. But I see another law in my members, warring against the law of my mind and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members. O wretched man that I am! Who shall deliver me from the body of this death?" Rom 7:21-24.
6. "---- Every man shall be put to death for his own sin." Deut 24:16
7. "The wages of sin is death.' Rom 6:23
8. "The soul that sinneth, it shall die" Ez 8:4
9. None of them can by any means redeem his brother, nor give to God a ransom for him. Ps 49:7
10. "Neither their silver nor their gold shall be able to deliver them in the day of the Lord's wrath." Zeph 1:28
11. Jesus said,
"No one go to the Father, but by me, "Jn 14:6
12. "For it is not possible that the blood of bulls and of goats take away sins. Heb 10:4
13. "Salvation is not of ourselves, --- not of works, lest any man should boast. Eph 2:8,9
14. Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight. --- Rom 3:20
Jesus teaches us that sin originates in our inmost heart. We first break the law of God in our inmost heart. Jesus teaches the distinction between the law of Moses and His teachings in His Sermon on the Mount.
Few examples are cited below.
Law of Moses:
1. Do not murder ---Mt 5:21
2. Do not commit adultery v27
3. Any one who divorces his wife must give her a certificate of divorce. V31
4. Eye for eye, and tooth for tooth V38
5. Love your neighbor, and hate your enemy V43
Teachings of Jesus:
" But I tell you that any one who is angry with his brother will be subject to judgment. But I tell you that anyone who looks at woman lustfully has already committed adultery with her in his heart. But I tell you that anyone who divorces his wife, except for marital unfaithfulness, causes her to become a adulteress, any one who marries the divorced woman commits adultery. But I tell you, Do not resist an evil person. If someone strikes you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also ---- But I tell you: Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you." Matt 5:22
I Jn 3:15, "Anyone who hates his brother is a murderer, and you know that no murderer has eternal life in him."
There is power in sin. It is also called an evil spirit in I Jn 5:18. Because it is the spirit of Satan. Man has been struggling with this ---- power of sin since the beginning. We cannot however resist sin with our own might. Nations ---- are trying for "Peace Treaty".
But they cannot resist wars against nations. There is always the threat of nuclear bomb, destructive missile, chemical weapons and an imminent destruction. Indeed man has become slave to sin and Satan, the author of sin.
#1.Billy Graham, "Peace with God" (P 40)
Gospel Literature Service,
To be continued
Name of the Author of this article: Dr. Surya Kumar Daimari, MA,M.Ed, PGDTE,D.Min.(Doctor of Ministry)
The author is a freelance writer.
Book published: The Names of the Believers in the Bible in Types and Symbols .
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