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THE LAMB OF GOD IN THE OLD TESTAMENT SANCTUARIES; CH- IV, PART- 2
by Dr Surya Kumar Daimari
1/26/2015 / Bible Studies
Continued from CH-IV, Part-1
PART-2, GOD'S PLAN OF SALVATION FULFILLED:
The whole program of God for the ages centers round one single person. i.e., the Lord Jesus Christ, the Lamb of God. The plan of the redemption work has been fulfilled only in the person of Jesus in real history. There is a significant passage in Jn 19:28-30 which declares Jesus to be the only one who fulfills all the prophecies in the scripture concerning himself.
"---------- Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished that the scripture might be fulfilled said, "I thirst."
Now there was set a vessel full of vinegar and they filled a sponge with vinegar, and put it upon hyssop, and put it to his mouth when Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, "It is finished' : and he bowed the head, and gave up the ghost," (NIV)
When Jesus said, "It is finished", He must have meant that
(1) The prophecies concerning himself have been fulfilled.
(2) He has fulfilled all the requirements of God. i.e., the will of God. cf Heb 10:7
(3) God's plan of redemption work has been fulfilled. "To give his life as a ransom for many." Mt 20:28
See MK 10:45
I Tim 2:6
THE TESTIMONY OF CHRIST:
The whole ministry of Jesus gives his testimony to his acceptance of the divine authority of the OT. In the temptation account in Mt 4 Jesus said, "It is written" --- three times as the solid authority. Jesus' arguments form scripture such as "What is written" therefore possessed for him a clinching force (MH 22:32,4; Jn 10:34). The Lord Jesus said," Search the scripture, they testify of me" (Jn 5L39). Again and again Christ constantly referred to scripture as his sole and final authority.
LK 24:27 gives a complete view of Christ how Christ testified of himself as the centre of the OT prophecy.
"And beginning with Moses and all the prophets, He explained to them what was said in all the scriptures concerning himself."
The law of God in OT was kept in the ark of blood in the tabernacle. It was sprinkled with blood in the tabernacle. It was sprinkled with blood. The blood of the covenant were not only sprinkled on the people but also on the book which means that it (The blood confirms) ratifies and renders valid the covenant. The covenant is based on the blood (Heb 8:13-20). When Jesus said, "Search the scriptures," He meant to say that everything in the OT is an original record of Himself in types and symbols and in prophecies. The old covenant was based on the blood but merely the blood of the Lambs, animals.
The New covenant is also based on the blood but not the blood of animal but the blood of the Lamb of God, i.e., the blood of Jesus Christ, "The New covenant in my blood". LK 22:20
Thus, Jesus is one pervading force in almost all the passages of the OT. We find Jesus everywhere in types and symbols, in temples, sanctuaries, on altars, kings, Priests, laws, prophets, even in furniture and clothes in the tabernacle etc.
The NT writers always quote OT scripture befitting Jesus as the only redeemer, the only High Priest anticipated in the OT. The book of Hebrews only, cites OT passages more than 80 times
The Family Devotional Study Bible (NIV) quotes,
"Hebrews uses the word 'copy' to describe the images and rituals of the Old Testament Passover feasts, sacrifices and other priestly duties. They were mere shadows, expressing the reality to come in Jesus Christ. No ceremony alone, however elaborate, can adequately express the experience of God himself, any more then a photograph of a whole or a mountain to Hebrews, The old Testament rituals were a copy, but Christ is the original. The author pulls up time hollowed images from the Jewish tradition of sacrifices, law, blood, the tabernacle, the priest, the day of Atonement and explains how Christ revealed once and for all the meaning of these images only hinted at. The incomplete shadowy copy, contrasts with the perfect genuine reality,"#1
Three types of Jesus
1. Jesus as the High Priest.
2. Jesus as Melchizedek
3. Jesus as King.
1. Jesus as the High Priest:
The High Priest in the Holy Sanctuary was a type of Jesus Christ. Aaron, the High Priest was a type of Jesus. But Jesus, the great High Priest is shown to be far superior than Aaron.
(1) He has become a High Priest forever in order of Melchizedek. Heb 6:20; 5:6, 10; 7:17,21
(2) He became a merciful and faithful High Priest, Who is able to make atonement for the sins of the people. Heb 2:17
(3) He is able to help those who are being tempted. Heb 2:18
(4) He is able to make men holy. Heb 2:11
(5) He is able to sympathize with our weakness without sin. Heb 4:15
(6) He became the source of eternal salvation for all who obey him. Heb 5:9
(7) Jesus lives forever, he has a permanent priesthood. Heb 7:24; 5:6; 6:20; 7:17
(8) He is able to save completely those who come to God through him. Heb 7:25
(9) He always lives to intercede for them. Heb 7:25
(10) He is the one who is holy, blameless, pure, set apart from sin, exalted above the heavens Heb 7:26
(11) Unlike the other priest, he does not need to offer sacrifices day after day, first for his own sins, and then for the sins of the people. He sacrificed for their sins once for all when he offered himself. Heb 7:27
(12) He is made perfect forever. Heb 7:28
(13) He sat down at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in heaven. Heb 8:1
(14) He serves in the sanctuary, the true tabernacle set up by the Lord, not by man. Heb 8:1b
(15) He has obtained a more excellent ministry. Heb 8:6a
(16) He is the mediator of a better covenant based upon better promises. Heb 8:66
(17) When Christ came, he went through the greater and more perfect tabernacle that is not man made. Heb 9:11
(18) He did not enter by means of the blood of goat and calves, he entered the most Holy Place once for all by his own blood, having obtained eternal redemption. Heb 9:12
(19) Jesus through his own blood and through the Eternal Spirit is able to cleanse our conscience from acts that lead to death Heb 9:14
(20) He is the mediator of a New Covenant. Heb 9:15
(21) He appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself. He 9:26
"to do away with sin." (NIV)
(22) He will appear second time without sin to bring salvation to those who are waiting for him. Heb 9:28b
(23) We are sanctified (made holy) through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all. Heb 10:10;13:12
(24) By one sacrifice he has made perfect forever those are being made holy. Heb 10:14
2. Jesus as Melchizedek:
Melchizedek was a type of Jesus. This mysterious person appears only two times in OT, i.e., in Gen 14:18-20
and Psalm 110. He was a Gentile but became a priest whom Abraham honored with his giving of tenth of everything. He was the king of Salem and at the same time he was the priest of God Most High (Gen 14:18)
So, he was a priest king and his priesthood was superior to that of Aaron. But Jesus is shown far more superior than Malechizedek.
"You are a priest forever, in the order of
"Melchizedek" Ps 110:4 cf Heb 6:20
This prophecy of Ps 110:4 is fulfilled in the person of Jesus. See Heb 5:6, 10; 6:20; 7:17,21. Jesus is both a priest people a king ----- the perfect High Priest bringing God and people together the perfect king governing the people with justice and wisdom thus fulfilling God's divine plan of Salvation. It is interesting to note that the meaning of Melchizedek befitting the name of Jesus only.
First his name means, (Heb 7:2)
(i) King of righteousness cf Is 32:1
(ii) King of Salem which means
King of peace without father or mother, without genealogy, without beginning of days or end of life, cf Is 9:6
3. Jesus as king:
There are various references in the OT which speak about the anticipation of the Messiah, the Christ as the king by divine prerogative fulfilled in NT.
(1) Christ as the Priest - king.
(2) Christ as the righteous king.
Is 32:1 cf Heb 7:2; Jn 8:37 38; 19;3-6 Ps 72:1-4
(3) Christ, as the king of Glory.
Ps 24:7-10; 50:1-5
Cf acts 22:11; I Cor 2:8; II cor 3:10
Eph 4:9; Phil 2:9-11; LK 2:32.
Heb 1:3; 2:7; Jn 12:4;17:5
(4) Christ, pictured as enthroned
Ps 2:6 cf Eph 1:20-22
(5) Christ, as the Eternal king,.
Mic 5:2; cf I Tim 1:17; Rev 17:14
(6) Christ, as the king of Israel.
Mt 27:42; Mk 15:32; Jn 1:49; 12:13
(7) Christ, as God's king.
Gen 49:10; Num 24:17; I Sam 2:9-10,
Ps 2:6 cf Acts 13:33
(8) Christ, as prophesied king.
Zech 9:9; Is 6:5
Cf Mt 21:5; Jn 12:15; Jn 12:38-41
(9) Christ, as the covenant king.
II Sam 7:4, 16; I Chr 17:10-14; II Sam 23:1-5
(10) Christ, the king Messiah,
Ps 2:1-7; Is 9:6-7; Jer 23:5; 33:15; Zech 12:8
Cf Jn 1:49; Acts 15:14-17; Mt 9:27; 12:23; 15:22; 21:9; 22:41
(11) Christ, as the king of the Jews, the Messianic king.
Is 32:1; 33:17, 22; 43:15; 44:6; Ez 37:22,24 cf Mt 2:2; 27:11,19,37; Mk 15:26.
(12) Christ, the king of kings.
Cf I Tim 1:17; 6:15; Rev 1:5; 17:14:6-16
#1 New light on the Old Testament,
In the Family Devotional Bible, P 1053
India Bible Literature.
To be continued.
Name of the Author of this article: Dr. Surya Kumar Daimari, MA,M.Ed, PGDTE,D.Min.(Doctor of Ministry)
The author is a freelance writer.
Book published: The Names of the Believers in the Bible in Types and Symbols .
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