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Critique of Irvin Baxter's "Revelation Commentary," Part 1 of 8 Parts
by Karl Kemp
12/24/2015 / Bible Studies
All quotations were taken from the New American Standard Bible, 1995 edition, unless otherwise noted. Sometimes I make comments in the middle of quotations using brackets [ ] or [[ ]] to make them more obvious. I am using straight quotation marks ("), hyphens (-) instead of dashes, and a few other things like this because some of the internet sites where I post these articles require it. Also they don't allow footnotes. Cf., e.g., means "compare, for example."
CONTENTS OF THIS PAPER:
INTRODUCTION...... page 2 (These Contents and page numbers go with the full paper.)
REVELATION 3:10...... 5
DANIEL CHAPTERS 2 AND 7...... 9
REVELATION 13:1-3 (with Revelation 12:3)...... 12
THE SEALS...... 15
IRVIN BAXTER AND THE FIRST SIX TRUMPETS (Rev. 8:7-9:21)...... 25
REVELATION 8:1-5 INTRODUCES THE TRUMPETS, INCLUDES BREAKING THE SEVENTH SEAL...... 29
REVELATION 8:6-9:11 AND THE FIRST FIVE TRUMPETS...... 33
THE SIXTH TRUMPET (Rev. 9:13-21) AND THE SHORT GREAT TRIBULATION...... 41
Some Preliminary Comments...... 41
When Will the Abomination of Desolation of Daniel 9:27; 12:11; and Matthew 24:15 Take Place in Daniel's 70th Week?...... 42
Daniel 9:27...... 42
Daniel 12:11...... 43
Zechariah 11:8 and the Month in the Middle of the Seven Years...... 44
Matthew 24:21, 22 and the Short Great Tribulation...... 45
Revelation 9:13-21...... 49
Joel 2:30, 31...... 54
Daniel 11:40-45...... 53
REVELATION 10:7 AND THE TIME OF THE SOUNDING OF THE SEVENTH AND LAST TRUMPET...... 57
THE 144,000 OF REVELATION 7:1-8 AND 14:1-5 AND A WHOLE LOT MORE, INCLUDING REVELATION 12:5 AND THE BIRTH OF THE SAINTS INTO THE FULLNESS OF ETERNAL LIFE AND GLORY AND THE RAPTURE...... 58
Symbolic Language...... 60
Revelation 7:4-8...... 63
Revelation 14:1...... 66
Revelation 12:5...... 67
I BELIEVE REVELATION 12:5 IS THE MOST IMPORTANT VERSE IN THE BIBLE TO SHOW WHEN (in relation to Daniel's 70th week) THE LORD JESUS WILL RETURN AND THE RAPTURE WILL TAKE PLACE...... 67
INTRODUCTION. This paper deals almost entirely with Irvin Baxter's "Revelation Commentary" that is published by "EndTime Ministries," no publication date is given, but this 179 page, large size (8 1/2 x 11 inch) book was written quite a few years ago. Sixteen video recordings go with the sixteen chapters of this book. I purchased and watched most of the recordings in preparation to write this paper. (I purchased this material in November, 2015.)
I'll quote a few sentences from Irvin Baxter's website regarding his ministry: "Irvin Baxter is the founder and president of EndTime Ministries. He is a television and radio host, author, publisher, and international prophecy teacher. ... Publication of 'EndTime Magazine' began in 1991 and has now become the most widely circulated prophecy magazine in the world." I have been reading Baxter's "EndTime" magazine for more than twenty years. It is published every two months. (I have only heard a few of his radio or TV broadcasts, and I have seen him a few times on TBN's "Praise the Lord" program.)
One primary reason I am writing this paper is because Baxter's teaching is influencing very large numbers of Christians across the world. As you can tell from this paper, I often strongly disagree with Baxter's end-time teaching. (I won't be discussing places where I agree with his teaching in this paper, but there are many more places where I disagree with him than I will be able to deal with in this paper.) For one thing, much of his teaching on the beasts of Daniel chapter 7 and Rev. 13:1-3 and the seals and trumpets of the book of Revelation seem to be original with him. I am quite sure that much that he says on these important passages is wrong. And he teaches the end-of-the-week (end of Daniel's 70th week) rapture. I have been teaching the mid-week rapture since 1970. However, a large part of the content of this paper has nothing to do with the timing of the rapture.
Baxter does a good job keeping up with things that are relevant to end-time prophecy that are happening around the world: in Israel, in the United States, in the United Nations, in Europe, in the strong push toward a one-world government, in the strong push to unite all religions, etc. He frequently interviews people who are involved in these things, sometimes including the leaders who are directly involved in these things. And he always takes a strong stand on the truthfulness of the Bible and Christian moral issues.
It seems obvious that Baxter is trying to be faithful to God and His Word. He clearly spends a lot of time studying and doing research and sincerely wants to accurately teach God's Word. However, Baxter's interpretation of the Bible is sometimes strongly influenced by the fact that he is a oneness Pentecostal. For one thing, he pastored a United Pentecostal Church, International church in Richmond, Indiana for 32 years.
When I decided I should write this paper on Baxter's teaching on the end times, I didn't have any idea that I would need to add a second paper to point out some super-strong things that Baxter says against those who baptize in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit in his "Revelation Commentary" and to discuss this oneness theology and the Trinity. I always knew that Baxter was associated with the United Pentecostal Church, International which is oneness. I never have agreed with their oneness doctrine, which I consider to be a serious problem, but I believe that some of them are true Christians. (Based on what Baxter says, there is no way he could accept me, or a whole lot of believers like me, as a true Christian. I believe this is a serious problem!) Also, it takes a lot more than believing in the Trinity to make a person a true Christian. God is the Judge! He determines who the true Christians are! We should be very careful about passing judgment for God regarding who the true Christians are!
I'm not attacking Baxter or anybody else, but I am trying to make it a top priority to be faithful to God and to present the balanced truth of what the Bible teaches. I would like to be a blessing to Baxter and every Christian, and every non-Christian.
I have written four papers dealing with oneness theology that are available on my internet site (Google to Karl Kemp Teaching): "Who Do We Worship? (Jesus-only Worship Songs)"; "Who Do We Pray to?"; "The Name Yahweh and God the Father and God the Son: The Name 'Yahweh' and a Listing of Some of the Large Number of Passages in the Hebrew Old Testament Where We Can See God the Son Along with God the Father"; and "More on the Trinity: Some Key Passages from the New Testament Where We See the Full Deity and Preexistence of God the Son with God the Father and Some Key Bible Passages Used to Teach a Oneness View of God."
In all the years I have read Baxter's magazine (or heard him anywhere else) I don't believe he ever told his readers/listeners that they were not true Christians and were part of the whore of Babylon and headed for God's eternal wrath if they were baptized in the name of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit (or if they didn't deny the Trinity or if they didn't speak with tongues, etc.) and didn't repent. He did, however, sometimes encourage his readers to order his literature on how to be saved. I pretty much knew what that literature would say, and recently, in the process of writing this paper, I ordered that literature to confirm what it would say. It presents the typical oneness (United Pentecostal) viewpoint. I'll comment briefly on that literature in the second paper.
I was quite disappointed and somewhat shocked when I read Baxter's "Revelation Commentary," while preparing to write this paper. He strongly and clearly stated, for example, that Christians who baptize in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit are part of the whore (using the wording of the King James Version) of Babylon and "In conclusion, God's anger toward Catholicism and other branches of false Christianity [which he says includes all the non-Roman Catholics who baptize in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit] is best described with Revelation 19:3: 'And again they said, Alleluia. And her smoke [the smoke of the "great whore" (Rev. 19:2 KJV)] rises up forever and ever' " (page 145). Baxter uses a lot of strong language in his "Revelation Commentary." Using such strong language is dangerous if God doesn't agree with what you are saying. Baxter is totally and unequivocally writing off most of the Christians, including most evangelicals (if they don't repent and join the oneness Christians). Anyway, you cannot accuse Baxter of not saying what he believes in his "Revelation Commentary." I will be quoting some equally strong language from Baxter in the second paper, "Irvin Baxter on the Harlot of Babylon; Trinity and Oneness."
I believe this verse powerfully demonstrates that the end-of-the-week-rapture viewpoint, which Baxter (and many others) teaches, is wrong. (I don't believe Baxter mentioned this verse in his book.) This verse is packed with good news for all the Christians who will be faithfully living for the Lord Jesus (by grace through faith) when He returns in the middle of Daniel's 70th week. We will not be on the earth after the devil is cast down to the earth (with his angels), having great wrath, in the middle of the seven years, or after Antichrist begins his super-evil three and one-half year reign at that time. Instead of living on the earth while the "hour of testing" (Rev. 3:10) is taking place, we will be glorified and reigning with the Lord Jesus as He judges the world (and does some other things) throughout the second half of Daniel's 70th week.
I'll quote REVELATION 3:10 and make quite a few comments in brackets (I'll quote from the NASB, 1995 edition, which I always do unless I mention otherwise): "Because you have kept the word of My perseverance [[The NKJV translates, "Because you have kept My command to persevere"; The NIV has, "Since you have kept my command to endure patiently." They have been keeping the word of Christ that requires perseverance (by grace through faith). We must understand that the Lord Jesus could not, and He did not, say these words (or similar words) to all the Christians of the seven churches in Revelation chapters 2 and 3. His word to many of those Christians (to most of them in some of those churches) was that they must repent if they want to continue to be true Christians. (See on Revelation chapters 2 and 3 in my paper on Revelation chapters 1-10, and see my paper "Once Saved, Always Saved?" They are both available on my internet site [Google to Karl Kemp Teaching]).]], I also will keep you from [or "out of"; Greek preposition "ek"] the hour of testing, that hour which is about to come [or, "which is going to come"] upon the whole world to test those who dwell on the earth." THE GREEK (and other considerations) MAKES IT QUITE CLEAR THAT HE IS GOING TO KEEP US (those who have been keeping His word that requires perseverance, which is included in what it means to be faithful to Him by grace through faith; those who have truly repented where repentance was required are included) "OUT OF" OR "FROM" THE HOUR OF TESTING, NOT TO KEEP US "DURING," OR "THROUGH," THE HOUR OF TESTING. WE WILL BE KEPT "OUT OF" OR "FROM" THE HOUR OF TESTING BY BEING RAPTURED FROM THE EARTH RIGHT BEFORE THE HOUR OF TESTING BEGINS. All the passages in the Bible that show that the Lord Jesus will return in the middle of Daniel's 70th week (especially Revelation chapters 11-13 and Daniel chapter 12) confirm this interpretation. Both of my end-time books discuss those passages: "The Mid-Week Rapture" and "Introduction to the Mid-Week Rapture," which is available in e-book format or a printed book. I recommend reading the "Introduction to the Mid-Week Rapture" first, but "The Mid-Week Rapture" contains a large amount of information not available in the other book. Both books are available at amazon.com. The printed books are also available on my internet site.
The Lord Jesus could keep us faithful during the second half of Daniel's 70th week if we were going to be living on the earth at that time, BUT THAT ISN'T WHAT THIS VERSE SAYS. God has chosen to give us this great blessing of being glorified and raptured to begin to reign with Christ Jesus as He is judging the world throughout the second half of Daniel's 70th week, instead of living on the earth during those very difficult years. It is going to be a very difficult time for Christians who live on the earth during that period (that is, for those who become Christians after the rapture, centering in the end-time remnant of Israel.) (They will be very thankful to be saved at the last second, even after the Lord Jesus has returned and the day of judgment has begun.) Consider, for example, Dan. 7:21, 25; 12:7; Rev. 6:11; 12:13-13:18 ((especially Rev. 13:5, 7; Rev. 13:5 shows that Antichrist's reign will last for three and one-half years, and I'll quote the first half of Rev. 13:7: "It was also given to him [to Antichrist] to make war with the saints and to overcome them" (see Dan. 7:21, 25); this doesn't mean that Antichrist will have the power to make them sin or turn from Christ)); and Rev. 20:4. To keep us "out of" or "from" the extreme difficulties of the second half of Daniel's 70th week, when the devil has been cast down to the earth with his angels and having great wrath and Antichrist's super-evil reign is taking place, is God's plan, not a hope that Christians came up with in an attempt to evade difficulties, and I'm sure that God would have us rejoice in His plan, with thankfulness. All true Christians are sufficiently tested during their lives on the earth. We don't have to worry about that. Revelation 3:10 shows that these Christians have kept His word, which has required perseverance in difficult places.
I believe we have enough information to understand the "hour of testing." The "hour" will take place throughout the second half of Daniel's 70th week. (IT IS INTERESTING AND SIGNIFICANT THAT THE WORD "HOUR" [OR "ONE HOUR"] IS USED SEVERAL TIMES IN THE BOOK OF REVELATION TO REFER TO THE SECOND HALF OF DANIEL'S 70TH WEEK [see Rev. 17:12; 14:7, 15; cf. Rev. 18:10, 17, and 19].) The test will involve whether people will submit to God (cf. Rev. 14:6, 7) or submit to Antichrist when it will be very difficult to not submit to him (see Revelation chapter 13 for example). God makes it very clear that those who submit to Antichrist will suffer very severe consequences; they cannot say they haven't been warned: I'll quote REVELATION 14:9-11: "Then another angel, a third one, followed them, saying with a loud voice, 'If anyone worships the beast [Antichrist] and his image, and receives a mark on his forehead or on his hand [see Rev. 13:14-18], (10) he also will drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is mixed in full strength in the cup of His anger; and he will be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels and in the presence of the Lamb. (11) And the smoke of their torment goes up forever and ever; they have no rest day and night, those who worship the beast and his image, and whoever receives the mark of his name.' "
Christians who believe that we will not be raptured until the end of the seven years are forced to try to interpret Rev. 3:10 in a way that will fit their viewpoint, but I don't believe their interpretations are reasonable or accurate, even if they are sincerely held.
Some of those who hold the end-of-the-week-rapture viewpoint appeal to John 17:15 in an attempt to show that what Jesus really said in Rev. 3:10 was that He would keep us "during" or "in" or "through" the "hour of testing." I'll quote John 17:15: "I [Jesus] do not ask You [Father] to take them out of [Greek preposition "ek"] the world [[It certainly wasn't time to take the apostles out of the world; they had a lot of super-important work to do, including establishing the new-covenant church on the earth and giving us the New Testament. It will be different at the end of this age. Those Christians who have stayed faithful when tested (Rev. 3:10) will be taken out of the world when the Lord Jesus returns and the rapture takes place.]], but to keep them from [ek] the evil one." [[(This double bracket goes on for three paragraphs.) Keep in mind that what we want to discern here is how the words KEEP "from" or "out of" are used in John 17:15. The Greek preposition that is translated "from" in John 17:15 is "ek," which is the same preposition used in Rev. 3:10, translated "from." It could just as well been translated KEEP "out of" in both verses, which I prefer. In the margin of John 17:15 the NASB has, "Or [keep] 'out of' the power of." The NKJV has, "but to keep them from the evil one, with the word "one" being in italics. The NASB has the word "one" in italics too.
It doesn't make much difference whether they were to be kept "from," or "out of" "the evil [of this world]" or "from" or "out of" "the evil one." Either way, Jesus was asking that they be set apart by God (for God and His truth and righteousness) from evil and the god of evil (Satan). In John 17:12 Jesus said He had been keeping them, but now He was leaving (by way of the cross, through which He saved us) and He was asking the Father to keep them set apart from the evil one and from evil, with much emphasis being put on their being set apart from being enticed to become evil/do evil. There certainly is no idea in John 17:15 of keeping them "in" or "through" evil or the evil one. I don't believe John 17:15 offers any support for the idea that we will still be living on the earth during the second half of Daniel's 70th week.
Jesus asked (in John 17:15) that those believers be kept "out of" or "kept from" (be kept separate from) the evil or the evil one in the same sense that He said (in Rev. 3:10) that the faithful Christians will be kept "out of" or kept "from" the "hour of testing/trial." The Christians will be kept out of, or kept from, the "hour of testing" by being glorified and raptured from the earth at the time the "hour of testing" begins. Revelation 3:10 speaks of being KEPT OUT OF or KEPT FROM the HOUR OF TESTING, using the preposition "ek" as it is used in John 17:15.
I would like to make an important point that isn't directly related to the interpretation of Rev. 3:10, but it does relate to what God requires of us to be ready to stand before Him at the end of this age. We need to understand that God's new-covenant plan of salvation provides the grace (which includes all the work of the indwelling Holy Spirit of life, truth, righteousness, etc.) that enables Christians to know and to walk in the righteousness and holiness of God. However, the New Testament makes it very clear that we will walk in these things only to the extent that we appropriate and walk in these things by faith, against the opposition of the world, the flesh (the old man who wants to continue in sin), and the devil and his hosts. The victory certainly isn't automatic!
Jesus exhorted large numbers of the Christians in the seven churches of the book of Revelation (Revelation chapters 2 and 3) that they must repent if they want to continue to be true Christians. I'll quote LUKE 21:34-36, "Be on guard, so that your hearts will not be weighted down with drunkenness and the worries of life, and that day will not come upon you suddenly like a trap [The Lord Jesus was speaking of the day of judgment that will start when He returns.]; (35) for it will come upon all those who dwell on the face of all the earth. (36) But keep on the alert at all times [which includes always living as He requires us to live (by His grace through faith), so that, for one thing, we will always be ready for His return], praying [which includes always looking to God] that you may have strength [I would translate "be able" with the NIV; the BAGD Greek Lexicon (under the verb "katischuo") translates "be able, be in a position" here] to escape all these things that are about to take place [the judgments that will fall on the earth in the last days when the day of judgment comes], and to stand before the Son of Man." Those who are faithful (by grace through faith) before He comes will be raptured from the earth and will not be on the earth when the day of judgment falls on the earth. That is how we "escape all these things that are about to [or, "that are going to"] take place." We will "stand before the Son of Man" as His people. It will be like Matt. 24:38, for example: Noah and his family entered the ark before the flood of judgment fell on the earth. God even told Noah to get in the ark (Gen. 7:1): "For after seven more days, I will send rain on the earth forty days and forty nights; and I will blot out from the face of the land every living thing that I have made" (Gen. 7:4).
Baxter puts an emphasis on the need for Christians to put God first in every area of life, which is good, very good, but he doesn't see that we will be raptured from the earth before the "hour of testing/trial" begins. As I mentioned, it is a major feature in God's plans for the end of this age to glorify us and rapture us from the earth to begin to reign with Him instead of living on the earth when Satan has been cast down and has great wrath and Antichrist's super-evil three and one-half year reign is taking place. WE WILL BE ABLE TO GLORIFY GOD ALL RIGHT THROUGHOUT THOSE THREE AND ONE-HALF YEARS AS WE REIGN WITH THE LORD JESUS WITH A ROD OF IRON!
DANIEL CHAPTERS 2 AND 7
I am responding here to what Baxter says on pages 168-171 of his "Revelation Commentary." I agree with much that he says regarding the image of Daniel chapter 2, but I stand amazed by how his perspective changed in Daniel chapter 7, which builds on Daniel chapter 2. It seems possible to me that nobody else has ever taught what Baxter teaches on most of the beasts of Daniel 7. It certainly is different than what the many commentators on Daniel or end-time teachers that I am aware of have taught. (Since I wrote the last two sentences, I have come across several other writers, almost all of them very recent, who agree with Baxter. Some of them may have borrowed from Baxter. Much of Daniel chapter 2 is discussed in chapter 5 of my "The Mid-Week Rapture," and all of Daniel chapter 7 is discussed in some detail in chapter 6 of that book.)
Baxter rightly says that the image that King Nebuchadnezzar saw in Daniel chapter 2 represents five world-kingdoms: The head of gold represents Nebuchadnezzar and the Babylonian world-kingdom; the breast and arms of silver represent the next world-kingdom, the Medo-Persian; the belly and thighs of bronze represent the next world-kingdom, the Greek; the legs of iron, the Roman; and the feet partly of iron and partly of clay come next. I agree with the very common viewpoint that this fifth world kingdom is the revived Roman Empire of the last days. Baxter differs here. He says that the last kingdom is the Holy Roman Empire.
He says "the Holy Roman Empire was not born until AD 800. The Holy Roman Empire was born when Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne emperor of the Holy Roman Empire. At its birth the iron [the Roman Empire had ceased to exist long before 800; one date that is often given is 476.] was mixed with clay; the Roman Empire merged with the Roman Catholic Church to become the Holy Roman Empire. The Bible teaches that the ten toes of this image symbolize ten kings of a ten-nation federation that will exist at the end of this age. This ten nation union is represented by ten horns on beasts in other prophecies. They are the ten kings that will unite and rise from the reborn Holy Roman Empire, the European Union" (page 169).
I don't believe the iron and clay in the feet deal with the union of the Roman Empire and the Roman Catholic Church. Daniel 2:41-43 show that the clay (which is contrasted with the iron which is strong) represents weakness (a weak component) in the revived Roman Empire that contains ten nations. The ten toes correspond with the ten horns (ten rulers of the ten nations) of Dan. 7:7, 20, 24; Rev. 12:3; 13:1; and 17:3, 7, 12, 16. Antichrist's uprooting three of the ten horns in Dan. 7:8, 20, 24 may well involve his removing clay from the kingdom. It is interesting that the book of Revelation speaks of the ten horns (no horns are missing). Antichrist will undoubtedly replace the three horns with rulers loyal to him.
Baxter goes on speaking of these things, but I don't see any reason to depart from the common viewpoint that the feet and toes represent the revived Roman Empire that will begin to exist in the last days. That world-kingdom will become super-important in the middle of Daniel's 70th week when Antichrist begins his super-evil reign that will last throughout the second half of that seven-year period (see, for example, Dan. 7:21, 25; 12:7; Rev. 13:5, 7). Two significant things have to take place before Antichrist can begin this super-evil reign. Antichrist has to be killed and come back from the dead (see, for example, Rev. 13:3, 14; 17:8 with 11:7). And the devil (having just been cast down to the earth with his angels right in the middle of the seven years [Rev. 12:4, 7-9] and having great wrath [Rev. 12:12]) has to give "his power and throne and great authority" to Antichrist (Rev. 13:2). Revelation 17:12, 13 show that the ten horns will "give their authority and power to the beast [Antichrist]" and that they will reign with him (and very much under him) throughout his super-evil reign that will take place throughout the second half of Daniel's 70th week.
It is significant that the Lord Jesus will return at the sounding of the seventh and last trumpet of the book of Revelation (Rev. 11:15-18) and the resurrection and rapture will take place at that time, right in the middle of the seven years (Rev. 11:15-18; 11:11, 12; 12:5 [these verses are all discussed in my book, "The Mid-Week Rapture" and my recently published "Introduction to the Mid-Week Rapture"]). And it is significant that the trumpet of Rev. 11:15 is the trumpet of Matt. 24:30, 31; 1 Cor. 15:50-53; and 1 Thess. 4:16, 17. (I believe that Baxter agrees that these four trumpets are the same trumpet, but he believes this trumpet will sound at the end of Daniel's 70th week.)
NOW WE'LL DISCUSS THE FOUR BEASTS OF DANIEL CHAPTER 7 THAT CORRESPOND WITH THE WORLD KINGDOMS OF DANIEL CHAPTER 2. The reason that we only have four beasts here instead of five is because the fourth beast of Daniel chapter 7 incorporates the fourth and fifth kingdoms of Daniel chapter 2, with the emphasis on the fifth kingdom. The legs of IRON and the feet partly of IRON and partly of clay of Daniel chapter 2 show the continuity of the fourth kingdom with the fifth. And the fourth beast of chapter 7 has large IRON teeth (Dan. 7:7, 19).
It is very surprising that Baxter doesn't see that the beasts of Daniel chapter 7 build on the world-kingdoms of Daniel chapter 2. This is all the more surprising in that Daniel chapter 8 continues to prophesy regarding some of these world-kingdoms, specifically the Medo-Persian and the Greek world-kingdoms. Daniel chapter 8 is packed with many very important details regarding Antichrist and the forerunner of Antichrist (Antiochus IV Epiphanes), who reigned over one of the four kingdoms (from 175-164BC) into which Alexander the Great's Greek world-kingdom was divided.
The first beast in Daniel chapter 7 represents Nebuchadnezzar and the Babylonian world-kingdom. (These kingdoms represent the kings and the kingdoms; sometimes the king/ruler is in the spotlight and sometimes the kingdom.) On page 170 Baxter says "The first beast depicted here is the bear, symbolizing Russia. Russia came into existence around 1467. [Actually the bear is the second beast listed in Daniel chapter 7. The first beast was like a lion. Baxter gets the sequence right on page 82.] The next beast was like a lion. The lion is Great Britain, and became known as Great Britain around 1707. The nation represented by the leopard, became known as Germany in 1871. ... The prophecy [of Daniel chapter 7], given in 600 BC [probably 553 BC (see Dan. 7:1)], foretold in minute detail what nations would be in existence on the earth at the time of the Second Coming of Jesus Christ." I don't think there is any possibility that Baxter is right on the identity of any of the first three beasts of Daniel chapter 7. (I'll get into some of the details as we continue.) And, as we will see, the errors here are undoubtedly related to his errors regarding the identity of the beasts of Rev. 13:2.
We will continue this discussion of the beasts of Daniel chapters 2 and 7 in Part 2 of this paper.
Copyright by Karl Kemp
http://www.karlkempteachingministries.com Karl Kemp worked as an engineer in the space field throughout the 60s. He became a born-again Christian in 1964. He received an MA in Biblical Studies in 1972. He has been a Bible teacher for 45 years. See the website for more info on his books, papers, etc.
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